Smart valve actuation for dynamic fluid flow control with constraints in the power unit
Sprache des Titels:
Proceedings of the 2012 IEEE Multiconference on System and Control
Transparent behavior of periferical subsystems is a common requirement in industry. In fluid flow control systems, non-linearity are mainly due to the characteristic curve of a valve. Such a curve describes the steady state relation between the valve opening and the flow rate but is significantly modified when installing the valve in a pipeline. Traditionally, the valve is adjusted to the pipe by design, an expensive and very complicated approach. In contrast, in the mechatronic approach a powerful, high-dynamic actuator is used within a control loop to realize a transparent behavior in dynamic conditions from the input of the overall process control system to the actual flow rate. This approach is cost-effective, easy exchangeable and allows a simple expansion of existing plants. In this paper, the mechatronic approach is developed and validated. Firstly, a modular, mathematical model of the hydraulic power unit, the hydraulic cylinder, the valve and the fluid flow in the pipe is derived. Subsequently, a model-based control concept is employed to invert the model and compensate system non-linearities in dynamic conditions. Finally, the approach is validated numerically with reference to challenging test cases employing industrial devices and recalling industrial needs. The results attained prove that the mechatronic approach allows extending the range of transparent behavior of valves, and that useful insights for the development of such systems can be provided.