Dynamic Modeling and Force Control of a Redundant Robot for Polishing Applications
Sprache des Titels:
Proceedings in Applied Mathematics and Mechanics Vol. 14
For many robotic applications with tasks such as cutting, assembly or polishing, it is necessary to get in contact with the surrounding. In this paper a redundant robot with seven degrees of freedom in a metal polishing task is considered. For simulation as well as for the controller design a dynamic model of the robot and a contact model are required. The equations of motion of the robot are calculated with the Projection Equation in subsystem representation and the contact model contains linear tool elasticities and work piece elasticities. In the case of a polishing task, a constant contact force during the process
is required even if the robot moves along a trajectory. Thus some degrees of freedom of the robot tool center point have to be position controlled while the other ones have to be force controlled. The redundant robot offers the possibility to avoid singular positions or to maximize the available end-effector forces within the inverse kinematics and is therefore best suited for polishing large objects. The actual process forces are measured with a six axis force-torque-sensor mounted at the tool center point. These forces are used in a parallel force/position control law to achieve the desired behavior. Results from measurements of a test arrangement are presented.