A viscosity and density sensor based on diamagnetically stabilized levitation
Sprache des Titels:
We investigate the feasibility of viscosity and density measurements using diamagnetically stabilized levitation of a floater magnet on pyrolytic graphite. Immersing the floater magnet in a liquid, buoyancy forces will come into play. Keeping the levitation height of the floater magnet constant in different liquid surroundings by accordingly adjusting the lifter magnet, the buoyancy force and therefore the density of the fluid can be determined from these adjustments. For more accurate results a magnetic field modeling can be used to determine the levitation height of the floater magnet out of the superposed magnetic fields of both magnets. For viscosity measurements, we add an additional AC-driven coil to the setup, which yields a superposed alternating force on the floater magnet causing periodic vibrations of the floater magnet. The vibrations are damped according to the viscosity of the surrounding fluid. By performing a frequency sweep, the frequency response of the damped spring mass resonator can be obtained where the resonance frequency for our setup is around 6 Hz. Furthermore, the influence of the levitation height on the resonance characteristics was examined by studying the resonance frequency and the quality factor for different lifter magnet positions.