A Meta-analysis of Innovation Offshoring and Firm Innovation Performance
Sprache des Titels:
Academy of Management Best Paper Proceedings
Innovation offshoring (IO) has become a widespread strategic practice over the last two decades. One of the most crucial outcomes of IO is innovation performance; yet, prior research shows a significant variation of empirical results regarding the direction and magnitude and of the IO-performance link. As a consequence, to date we know little as to how IO is related to innovation performance, and under which conditions IO unfolds their benefits or drawbacks. By drawing on neo-institutional theory, we examine how offshoring firms? task environment and their home country regulative, normative and cognitive institutional dimensions shape the IO-innovation performance relationship. Our meta-analysis that combines 52 samples and 66,308 observations shows that IO is overall positively related to innovation performance. Furthermore, our results imply that the regulative (rule of law), normative dimension (openness of the market), and cognitive dimension (culture) of the institutional environment in which the offshoring firm is embedded are moderators of the IO-innovation performance relationship.