Andreas Horner, Peter Pohl,
"Single-file transport of water through membrane channels"
, in Faraday Discussions, Vol. 209, Seite(n) 9-33, 6-2018, ISSN: 1359-6640
Single-file transport of water through membrane channels
Sprache des Titels:
Water at interfaces governs many processes from the molecular scale of electrochemical and enzymatic reactions to protein folding. Here we focus on water transport through proteinaceous pores that are so narrow that the water molecules cannot overtake each other in the pore. After a short introduction into the single-file transport theory, we analyze experiments in which the unitary water permeability, pf of water channel proteins (aquaporins, AQPs), potassium channels (KcsA), and antibiotics (gramicidin-A derivatives) has been obtained. A short outline of the underlying methods (scanning electrochemical microscopy, fluorescence correlation spectroscopy, measurements of vesicle light scattering) is also provided. We conclude that pf increases exponentially with a decreasing number NH of hydrogen bond donating or accepting residues in the channel wall. The variance in NH is responsible for a more than hundredfold change in pf. The dehydration penalty at the channel mouth has a smaller effect on pf. The intricate link between pf and the Gibbs activation energy barrier, ?G?t. for water flow suggests conformational transitions of the water channel to act as a third determinant of pf.