The effect of canaloplasty with suprachoroidal drainage combined with cataract surgery - 1-year results.
Sprache des Titels:
The purpose of this study was to investigate the safety and efficacy of phacocanaloplasty with suprachoroidal drainage (PCscD) and to compare its intraocular pressure (IOP)-lowering and drug-sparing effect to canaloplasty with suprachoroidal drainage (CscD).
The study retrospective interventional study included patients with open-angle glaucoma or secondary forms of glaucoma who underwent either CscD or PCscD between the year 2011 and 2014 in Knappschaft Eye Clinic Sulzbach. Primary end-points were IOP reduction and the number of IOP-lowering medication after 12 months. Secondary end-points were intraoperative and postoperative complications.
A total of 328 eyes were included, 193 were treated with CscD and 135 underwent PCscD. Canaloplasty with scD achieved an IOP reduction of 37.0% (from 20.9 ± 3.6 mmHg to 13.2 ± 2.6 mmHg) after 1 year, whereas PCscD showed a significant higher reduction of 47.4% (from 23.2 ± 5.1 mmHg to 12.2 ± 1.7 mmHg). Reduction in IOP-lowering medication was higher after PCscD (from 3.6 ± 0.6 to 0.2 ± 0.5) than after CscD (from 3.5 ± 0.8 to 0.7 ± 1.0). Twelve months after surgery 55.5% in the CscD group and 80.2% in the PCscD group were free of IOP-lowering medication. In both groups, no severe or sight-threatening complications occurred.
Combining cataract surgery and CscD achieves a higher IOP reduction, and patients postoperatively need less IOP-lowering medication than after CscD alone.