A Robust Nonlinear RLS Type Adaptive Filter for Second-Order-Intermodulation Distortion Cancellation in FDD LTE and 5G Direct Conversion Transceivers
Sprache des Titels:
Transceivers operating in frequency division duplex experience a transmitter leakage (TxL) signal into the receiver due to the limited duplexer stopband isolation. This TxL signal in combination with the second-order nonlinearity of the receive mixer may lead to a baseband (BB) second-order intermodulation distortion (IMD2) with twice the transmit signal bandwidth. In direct conversion receivers, this nonlinear IMD2 interference may cause a severe signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio degradation of the wanted receive signal. This contribution presents a nonlinear Wiener model recursive-least-squares (RLS) type adaptive filter for the cancellation of the IMD2 interference
in the digital BB. The included channel-select filter and dc-notch filter at the output of the proposed adaptive filter ensure that the provided IMD2 replica includes the receiver front-end filtering. A second, robust version of the nonlinear recursive-least-squares (RLS) algorithm is derived which provides numerical stability for highly correlated input signals that arise in, e.g., Long-Term Evolution (LTE)-Advanced intra-band multi-cluster transmission scenarios. The performance of the proposed algorithms is evaluated by numerical simulations and by measurement data.
Sprache der Kurzfassung:
IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques