Simultaneous identification of human body model parameters and gait trajectory from 3D motion capture data
Sprache des Titels:
The analysis of human movements rests on a realistic human body model. Deducing model parameters from anthropomorphic data is challenging since these are inherently imprecise. An approach to improve model accuracy is the parameter adaptation based on motion data. 3D motion capture data are already being used for generating the trajectories of a human body model, so combining motion tracking and parameter identification seems most natural. This paper introduces a holistic approach to simultaneously identify the geometric parameters of a kinematic human lower limb model and the parameters defining a (cyclic) gait trajectory, based on 3D marker positions. The result is a time-continuous description of a physiologically compatible lower extremity movement along with optimal model parameters so to best reproduce the captured motion. The method takes into account restrictions such as the range of motion of human body joints and is robust against missing data due to marker occlusions or failures of the measurement system. Considering multiple gait cycles of a movement trial, we derive the characteristic motion pattern (CMP) of a specific subject walking at a specific speed. Our method further allows for motion analysis and assessment, but also for motion synthesis with arbitrary time span and time resolution and can thus be used for simulations and trajectory planning of rehabilitation and movement assistance systems, such as exoskeletons.