D. Kowald, Markus Schedl, Elisabeth Lex,
"The Unfairness of Popularity Bias in Music Recommendation: A Reproducibility Study"
: Proceedings of the 42nd European Conference on Information Retrieval (ECIR 2020), 4-2020
The Unfairness of Popularity Bias in Music Recommendation: A Reproducibility Study
Sprache des Titels:
Proceedings of the 42nd European Conference on Information Retrieval (ECIR 2020)
Research has shown that recommender systems are typically biased towards popular items, which leads to less popular items being underrepresented in recommendations. The recent work of Abdollahpouri et al. in the context of movie recommendations has shown that this popularity bias leads to unfair treatment of both long-tail items as well as users with little interest in popular items. In this paper, we reproduce the analyses of Abdollahpouri et al. in the context of music recommendation. Specifically, we investigate three user groups from the Last.fm music platform that are categorized based on how much their listening preferences deviate from the most popular music among all Last.fm users in the dataset: (i) low-mainstream users, (ii) medium-mainstream users, and (iii) high-mainstream users. In line with Abdollahpouri et al., we find that state-of-the-art recommendation algorithms favor popular items also in the music domain. However, their proposed Group Average Popularity metric yields different results for Last.fm than for the movie domain, presumably due to the larger number of available items (i.e., music artists) in the Last.fm dataset we use. Finally, we compare the accuracy results of the recommendation algorithms for the three user groups and find that the low-mainstreaminess group significantly receives the worst recommendations.