Charles Brazier, Gerhard Widmer,
"Addressing the Recitative Problem in Real-Time Opera Tracking"
: In Proceedings of the 25th International Symposium on Frontiers of Research in Speech and Music (FRSM 2020), 2020
Addressing the Recitative Problem in Real-Time Opera Tracking
Sprache des Titels:
In Proceedings of the 25th International Symposium on Frontiers of Research in Speech and Music (FRSM 2020)
Robust real-time opera tracking (score following) would be extremely useful for many processes surrounding live opera staging and streaming, including automatic lyrics displays, camera control, or live video cutting. Recent work has shown that, with some appropriate measures to account for common problems such as breaks and interruptions, spontaneous applause, various noises and interludes, current audio-to-audio alignment algorithms can be made to follow an entire opera from beginning to end, in a relatively robust way. However, they remain inaccurate when the textual content becomes prominent against the melody or music--notably, during recitativo passages. In this paper, we address this specific problem by proposing to use two specialized trackers in parallel, one focusing on music-, the other on speech-sensitive features. We first carry out a systematic study on speech-related features, targeting the precise alignment of corresponding recitatives from different performances of the same opera. Then we propose different solutions, based on pre-trained music and speech classifiers, to combine the two trackers in order to improve the global accuracy over the course of the entire opera.