Johann Mitteramskogler, Franz Winkler,
"General solutions of first-order algebraic ODEs in simple constant extensions"
, Serie RISC Report Series, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Austria, RISC, JKU, Hagenberg, Linz, 9-2021, ISBN: 2791-4267
General solutions of first-order algebraic ODEs in simple constant extensions
Sprache des Titels:
If a first-order algebraic ODE is defined over a certain differential field, then the most elementary solution class, in which one can hope to find a general solution, is given by the adjunction of a single arbitrary constant to this field. Solutions of this type give rise to a particular kind of generic point?a rational parametrization?of an algebraic curve which is associated in a natural way to the ODE?s defining polynomial. As for the opposite direction, we show that a suitable rational parametrization of the associated curve can be extended to a general solution of the ODE if and only if one can find a certain automorphism of the solution field. These automorphisms are determined by linear rational functions, i.e. Möbius transformations. Intrinsic properties of rational parametrizations, in combination with the particular shape of such automorphisms, lead to a number of necessary conditions on the existence of general solutions in this solution class. Furthermore, the desired linear rational function can be determined by solving a simple differential system over the ODE?s field of definition. All results are derived in a purely algebraic fashion and apply to any differential field of characteristic zero with arbitrary derivative operator.
Sprache der Kurzfassung:
RISC Report Series, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Austria