Early alterations in retinal microvasculature on swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography in acute central serous chorioretinopathy
Sprache des Titels:
The purpose of the study was to evaluate the retinal blood flow in patients with acute central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) over an observational period of 1 month using swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCTA), focusing especially on changes in the area of subretinal fluid (A-SRF). We correlated these findings with conventional indocyanine green angiography (ICGA). ICGA and SS-OCTA images were collected and analyzed of 12 eyes of 12 patients. The A-SRF was annotated and a qualitative analysis of choriocapillaris, the vessel density (VD) and perfusion density (PD) of the retinal superficial capillary plexus (SCP) and the deep capillary plexus (DCP) was performed in A-SRF and the unaffected remaining area (RA). The VD and PD in the DCP were statistically significantly lower in A-SRF than in the RA at baseline. (VD: p = 0.014; PD: p = 0.036). After 1 month, there was a statistically significant difference in the VD and PD of the DCP (VD: p = 0.015; PD: p = 0.014), and for the PD of the SCP between the A-SRF and the RA (p = 0.015), with lower values in the A-SRF. We found low perfused areas in choriocapillaris corresponding to hypofluorescent areas on ICGA. In conclusion there is a difference in VD and VD of the DCP in the area of SRF in acute CSC. These alterations may lead to a chronic change in the microvasculature and potentially to morphological changes.