Standard deviation of microscopy images used as indicator for growth stages
Sprache des Titels:
Photoelectron emission microscopy (PEEM) and low energy electron microscopy (LEEM) can easily distinguish between organic molecules adsorbed in crystallites or in the wetting layers as well as the bare metal substrate due to their different electronic properties. Already before (and during) the condensation of such solid phases (2D islands or 3D crystallites), there is a dilute 2D gas phase. Such a 2D gas phase consists of molecules, which are highly mobile and diffuse across the surface. The individual molecules are too small to be resolved in PEEM/LEEM images. Here, we discuss, how image features below and above the resolution limit of a PEEM/LEEM affect the mean electron yield and its (normalized) standard deviation. We support our findings with two experimental examples: the deposition of cobalt phthalocyanine (CoPc) on Ag(100) and of perfluoro-pentacene on Ag(110). Our results demonstrate, how a spatial and temporal analysis of image series can be used to obtain information about molecular phases, which cannot be directly resolved in microscopy images.