More than a feeling??Overruling the preoperatively templated offset option leads to a minor offset increase in short stem total hip arthroplasty
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Purpose: Short stems are increasingly used in total hip arthroplasty (THA) because of advantages in bone and soft tissue preservation and reconstruction of hip geometry. Digital templating is essential in determining the correct offset option and stem size in THA. However, the preoperative template sizes might be intraoperatively overruled.
Patients and methods: We evaluated the effect of intraoperative overruling of the preoperatively templated offset option of a short curved stem on hip offset, leg length, implant positioning, and femoral canal fill index. The overruling was performed in case of intraoperative instability, telescoping, or both. A series of 1052 consecutive THAs with a cementless short curved stem and press-fit cup was retrospectively screened. One hundred patients with unilateral THA and a contralateral native and morphologically healthy hip as a reference met the inclusion criteria. Measurements were carried out on preoperative and 3 months anterior-posterior postoperative radiographs. Patients were divided according to the overruling by offset option or stem size.
Results: Hip offset was increased in all groups, but only with significant increase if an offset option + 1 was used intraoperatively (p = 0.025). LLD was restored without significance in all groups (p = 0.323; p = 0.157).
Conclusion: Intraoperative overruling of the preoperative digital template in cementless short stem total hip arthroplasty results in an increase of hip offset compared to a contralateral healthy hip. However, the increase is marginal and clearly under 5 mm compared to the contralateral healthy hip.