No component loosening of a cementless deep dish rotating platform knee at a 5-year follow-up
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Purpose: Cemented fixation remains the gold standard in total knee arthroplasty. With an increasing number of younger patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty and a growing patient population demanding higher physical activity, a rising interest in discussion of cementless fixation is notable. The current scientific literature does not give a clear recommendation for or against uncemented total knee arthroplasty. The purpose of this study was the investigation of the 5-year clinical and radiographic outcomes of a cementless deep-dish rotating platform implant.
Methods: A total of 91 primary cementless total knee arthroplasties were included in this single-centre prospective observational study. The primary outcome was revision rate due to aseptic component loosening. Further outcome measures were assessment of the of the radiographic outcome as well as the clinical outcome based on Range of Motion and scores such as American Knee Society Score, Oxford Knee Score, Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score and European Quality of Life 5 Dimension 3 Level at a follow-up of 5 years.
Results: Mean age of the study population was 67.3 ± 6.6 years with 49.5% of the participants being female. Aseptic component loosening occurred in none of the patients. Implant survival with revision for any reason as endpoint was 97.8% (95% CI 100-96%) and 95.6% (95% CI 100-94%) with reoperation of any cause as endpoint. Radiolucent lines were detected in a total of eight cases (8.8%) and disappeared within the first year after surgery in five cases. Total Range of Motion improved significantly from 106° ± 15° preoperatively to 118° ± 10° at final FU (p < 0.001). All investigated scores improved significantly after total knee arthroplasty.
Conclusion: The results of this study reveal excellent mid-term performance of a cementless deep dish rotating platform total knee implant, with no component loosening, very low overall revision rate, only temporarily present radiolucent lines in a minority of patients and excellent clinical results. Therefore, cementless total knee arthroplasty is an appropriate treatment option for patients with severe osteoarthritis of the knee.