Macrophages and glia are the dominant P2X7-expressing cell types in the gut nervous system - no evidence for a role of neuronal P2X7 receptors in colitis.
Sprache des Titels:
Blockade or deletion of the pro-inflammatory P2X7 receptor channel has been shown to reduce tissue damage and symptoms in models of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and P2X7 receptors on enteric neurons were suggested to mediate neuronal death and associated motility changes. Here we used P2X7-specific antibodies and nanobodies as well as a BAC transgenic P2X7-EGFP reporter mouse model and P2rx7-/- controls to perform a detailed analysis of cell type-specific P2X7 expression and possible overexpression effects in the enteric nervous system of the distal colon. In contrast to previous studies, we did not detect P2X7 in neurons but found dominant expression in glia and macrophages which closely interact with the neurons. P2X7 overexpression per se did not induce significant pathological effects. Our data indicate that macrophages and/or glia account for P2X7-mediated neuronal damage in IBD and provide a refined basis for the exploration of P2X7-based therapeutic strategies.